Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Its name comes from the greek word for coal, because of the black skin lesions developed by victims with a cutaneous infection. Anthrax has been known by a wide variety of names, including Siberian plague, Cumberland disease, charbon, splenic fever, malignant edema, woolsorter’s disease, and la maladie de Bradford.
Rabies is a viral disease that causes inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals. The term is derived from the Latin rabies, which means “madness” and it has been known since around 2000 B.C. The main symptoms include violent movements, uncontrolled excitement, fear of water, an inability to move parts of the body, confusion, and loss of consciousness.